In vitro testing methods
In vitro diagnostics (IVD) is the most common area of diagnostics. IVD tests and devices are used in clinical laboratories for the analysis of human samples, such as blood, urine ore tissue samples, to detect diseases, conditions, or infections. In addition to routine biochemical blood tests, examples of IVD tests include tests for various infectious or genetic diseases. Some test, such as pregnancy test kits or blood glucose tests, are meant for consumers to use at home. Point-of-care (POC) tests refer to tests performed at the site of care, such as patient bedside, ambulances, emergency rooms, maternity wards and intensive care units.